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The brushes have been replaced (correctly) with new Hotpoint original parts but there is still no rotation. Can you tell me if there are some basic electrical tests which can determine whether the motor is likely to be faulty or the speed control module has failed ? For example, using a multimeter, what voltage should appear on the brushes ? Or what voltage should be on each of the connector pins ? (I am an electrical engineer....but not in domestic appliances).

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I would advise against trying to get any voltage readings from a washing machine. It's unecessarily dangerous. There are no published readings because all fault diagnosis like this should be done with a continuity test meter and with the washing machine unplugged.

  • Disconnect the washing machine from the electricity supply and unplug the motor.
  • With the test meter on continuity test (to check resistance) do the following checks -
  • If your motor has 6 pins, then the 1st two pins (from the left as you look at it from the front of the machine) are the armature. The next 2 pins are the field coil. The last two pins are the tacho coil
  • If your motor has 7 pins. Then the first pin on the left is an extra field coil pin and the rest are the same as the 6 pin motor i.e. the next two are the armature and the following two are also the field coil. The final two are also the tacho coil.
  • Forget about the tacho coil (the two over on the right)
  • You should get a reading on the field coil tags so if you have a six pin motor test the two middle pins and you should get a reading between them. If you have 7 pins, you should get a reading on the 1st pin and the 4th pin. The 1st pin and the fifth pin and also between the fourth and fifth pins
  • This leaves the armature. On the six pin motor its the first 2 pins. See if there is a reading between them. On the 7 pin motor it's pins 2 and 3 (from the left)

If there is no reading (open circuit) here then it means the brushes have a fault. However, it is possible that a TOC inside the motor has also gone.
To test this -

  • Pull off the black wire from the left hand carbon brush and test for continuity between the wire and one of the armature pins on the motor
  • Then pull of the yellow wire (from the right carbon brush) and test continuity down it to the other armature pin on the motor. Hopefully you will get a reading on them both. If not, then the TOC has blown
  • If you have an open circuit across the armature pins, but you do have continuity between the black wire and an armature pin, and the yellow wire and an armature pin, then the open circuit is likely to be caused by one or both of the brushes not making contact with the armature. Remove them and check they aren't charred - or if newly fitted check they don't stick inside the holders when pressed all the way in (due to the small locking tab not being prized fully out 90 degrees)

Hotpoint and Creda carbon brushes diagnostics & fitting

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Warning:  Read this before attempting any diy repairsNo representations or warranties are made (express or implied) as to the reliability, accuracy or completeness of advice. I can't be held liable for any loss arising directly or indirectly from the use of, or any action taken in reliance on, any information on this website, which is given free of charge and in good faith.

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This is all great stuff . I have been able to determine that my TOC is open circuit......probably caused by the arcing when the brushes failed (?). All I need to do now is source the correct TOC for a 904/1158/04 (HPT1601978) motor. If I can't do this locally then I'll be back ! Many Thanks.

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This part is not made available by Hotpoint. They would only supply the full motor. It is available by a third party manufacturer though and I can send you one if you can't find one. Do not by-pass it.

If the TOC has gone, there is also a possibility that the armature is no good. I've even had the odd case where I could see nothing wrong with the armature, yet it blew the TOC when replaced. Having said that I have replaced many of these TOC's which had only blown because of the carbon brushes flashing and from arcing badly.

So, although there is a risk this could be in vain, the odds are more in your favour that it may pay off. Before fitting a TOC you need to carefully inspect the armature to make sure the copper segments are all OK (none loose or showing flash marks) You should also really test the armature's insulation to earth with a proper meter (one that tests the insulation with 500 volts)

This Hotpoint thermal cut-tout is for pretty old Hotpoint washing machines

Need a repair or spare parts? 

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Warning:  Read this before attempting any diy repairsNo representations or warranties are made (express or implied) as to the reliability, accuracy or completeness of advice. I can't be held liable for any loss arising directly or indirectly from the use of, or any action taken in reliance on, any information on this website, which is given free of charge and in good faith.

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