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Hotpoint WF561P Washing machine refuses to spin up to speed

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We have a Hotpoint WF561P Washing machine.

It completes a wash cycle normally then refuses to spin up to speed.

I have:

Checked the pump for blockages - the pump discharges normally on various parts in the cycle, e.g emptying wash water before and after rinse.  I have blown down the pressure switch tube, and heard bubbles in the drum, no blockage.  I have changed the pressure switch.

The drum rotates in both directions normally and quietly in all the cycle parts except that in spin it only revolves slowly (approx 60 r.p.m.)  This continues for about fifteen minutes, in that time the pump runs for about four minutes, stops for approx 30 seconds, this pump cycle is repeated until the "spin" at 60 r.p.m. times out, the drum then does its "separation" cycle of slow clockwise and counter clockwise turns a few times, then all lights (apart from the door lock light - see below) go out to say that the wash is complete.

Have you got any ideas please.  I'm pulling what hair I have got left out  Solve my problem and you will definitely become be my No.1 choice when I need spares :D. I hope you can post to France?

P.S the control board was changed not long ago to cure other faults (inlet valve control).  The machine worked fine after this apart from the "Door Locked" light is now permanently on, even when the door is unlocked.

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Book washing machine & appliance repairs Buy appliance spare parts

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Hello. Does it not spin with no laundry inside too? If it only spins slowly but does actually spin (one constant direction faster than the slow distribution speed) it could be because the drum is out of balance or the out of balance system is faulty. It's unusual for a motor to do a spin but only a very slow one. Also when this happens can you observer any strange noises or excessive sparks from the motor that might indicate a fault?

I have a very extensive article about this fault covering everything I can think of. To be honest if it isn't any help you need an engineer Washing machine not spinning


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Warning:  Read this before attempting any diy repairsNo representations or warranties are made (express or implied) as to the reliability, accuracy or completeness of advice. I can't be held liable for any loss arising directly or indirectly from the use of, or any action taken in reliance on, any information on this website, which is given free of charge and in good faith.

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Hello Andy

It's the same empty of clothing.  Also the same if juts on a rinse, or spin only cycle.  The motor sounds fine, I am a mechanical fitter (retired) with heavy engineering experience,  No undue noise from motor (virtually silent) belt is fine, bearings quiet.

I live on a barge in the middle of France, so no local help, I have read pretty much all of your articles (very good indeed) .

The only straw that I can now grasp at is the rubber pipe to the pressure switch not being air tight, but to my mind the "Spin at speed" signal should come when the pressure in the pipe / switch system is zero (atmospheric) to show that the drum is empty of water, so safe to load the motor up to speed.

One question, the motor, how many sets of brushes does it have, is the speed governed by voltage or winding numbers?

Is there a wiring diagram available?

It's very weird.  Any thoughts welcome.

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Hi. No wiring diagrams are made public. If the pressure tubing isn’t air right the washing machine would overfill. If there is a blockage in the pressure chamber that would stop the air being released as the water pumped away and prevent a fast spin. 

However, if that happens it should also stop the washer from filling up on the next wash cycle unless the next cycle was done a while after and the air pressure slowly leaked away. 


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Washing machines should have 2 brushes but many have none now and use induction motors. 


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Hi Andy

I have checked everything, cleaned the pump inlet, checked the non return ball valve is working, Pressurised the pipe to the pressure switch, it hold air.  All electrical connections are secure.

The motor is brushless.  

All tests yesterday with an empty drum.

Wash cycle, great but no spin just 15 minuets at 60 r.p.m (drum speed)

Big Spin - Rinse cycle light comes on - then when it should spin - spin light comes on. 15 mins at 60 rpm.  But the crazy thing is that on "Big Spin Only" cycle, the first thing that happens is that the water valve opens, then the machine goes though a full rinse cycle. 

But  when trying the "Small Spin" setting once again, the drum ran up to full speed (as fast as we have ever heard it run, this speed continued for 4 minutes (I timed it) then the motor stopped, it did a couple of "distribution turns" then ran up to full whack again.  This cycle happened four times in total before eventually stopping.  The spin speed control was set at 1000  Not 1400.  This only happened once.  But this proves the motor will run up, when it gets a full 220V.

The more I go into this the more I think it's got to be the controller board.  The place I got the replacement board from, sent another, and exactly the same is happening.  OK I know that they are reconditioned boards, but they are a reputable company, I spent 45 mins on the phone to them, after describing whats happening (don't forget the "door lock" light is permanently "On", whether it's locked or not ?????)  They are completely baffled, and say the boards are tested before shipping and work fine (I believe them).  But two faulty recon and tested boards, unlikely.

They say send the boards back and they will test. I've already spent the best part of £40 on postage to and from France, and about another £60 at the bag wash. + what I've paid for two boards.  In fairness the will give me some refund if the boards test OK (and if they were OK when they left them, why shouldn't they be now)

My missus pressurised me to go and buy a new machine today.  So I am not a real happy bunny.  But I really would like to get to the bottom of this.  I don't know what an engineer would do that I have not.

Any ideas??  Anyone,  as although it's too late for me, it might be that someone else in the future benefits from a solution.

I've even tested the mains supply for voltage,  frequency, and cross phasing, earth meggas out OK, full protection at the distribution board, earth leakage and RCD protection.

 

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Yes it seems very unlikely that two recon boards would have the same unusual fault. Some washing machines don't do a full spin without doing rinsing first. I think it's something to do with the fact that laundry that is hand wash only a spun at lower speeds. The only thing that should be spun at full speed are cottons and sheets, jeans etc. and these things are not normally hand washed. But if they are it is likely that they have not been rinsed very effectively due to their bulk. However if that is the case it should be mentioned in the manual.

I've also come across washing machines that will not spin at the highest speed without a load inside to protect the motor. Washing machines will also commonly not reach the full spin speed unless the load inside is adequately balanced. So ironically it's possible that without any laundry inside, or with a load inside that is not ideally balanced the highest spin speed can get missed out, or only maintained for a short period.

But if your fault is unrelated to these things, unfortunately these type of faults often involve swapping out parts to see if the fault is cured. For example an engineer might try a different motor, or a different PCB. This is something that you cannot do as a DIY repair. It is far too risky to buy parts in the hope it would fix a fault.


Need an engineer, or to buy appliance spare parts? Please use my affiliate links to support this forum.

Book appliance engineer | Buy your Spares (4Washerhelp)

Warning:  Read this before attempting any diy repairsNo representations or warranties are made (express or implied) as to the reliability, accuracy or completeness of advice. I can't be held liable for any loss arising directly or indirectly from the use of, or any action taken in reliance on, any information on this website, which is given free of charge and in good faith.

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